The Usage of Social Media As A Trial of Political Attitudes in Indonesia

Oktavianus Klau Lekik(1Mail),
(1) Departement of Media and Communication, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga of University, Surabaya, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2020 Oktavianus Klau Lekik

DOI : https://doi.org/10.33122/ijase.v2i2.90



Abstract


Nowdays, social media has the potential to become a wave of information and opinion. Mass mobilization is now easier with social media, and of course the cost is very affordable and free. In addition, exposure to social media is very fast taking reactions from the public. If it is not done well, the legitimacy and reputation of a political figure can decline rapidly. Social media is able to provide the public with information both about politics and the capacity and credibility of the attitudes of political leaders, with the breadth of networks owned by social media, people can learn about politics from social media. In fact, social media facilitates the public to know the statements of the attitudes of political leaders regarding a particular discussion and can make the community become political literate. Thus, in general, social media is a trend that can be useful as a media for political campaigning, expressing cheap and effective political attitudes and political learning. This study, the authors focus on analyzing the Use of Social Media as a Form of Political Attitude in Indonesia, with the aim to be achieved by the author to find out, Firstly, this study is to understand the cultural context of political actors in using social media as a form of political attitudes to influence the final community recently on social media. Secondly, the desire to describe the ways political actors use social media to express their political attitudes and express themselves through social media to influence everyday people's behavior. Thirdly, in the form of political attitudes using cultural symbols both based on religion, ethnicity, streams or certain groups that have interests expressed by various political actors and other groups to provoke the public through social media. Using the review literature method is descriptive analytical. Analytical descriptive research can be used to analyze data and facts that occur about the use of social media as a form of political attitudes. The results and conclusions of this study that, the use of social media to express political attitudes by political leaders, both in speeches, influencing and provoking the public are very easily spread through social media. This must be responded to well by social media users to use reasoning to think positively in expressing their political attitudes through social media, by using an understanding of media literacy, information literacy and technology literacy which is basically a source of truth.


Keywords


Social Media; Political Attitudes; Indonesian Political Leaders

References


Ardha, Berliani. (2014). "Social Media as a Media Campaign for 2014 Political Parties in Indonesia". Journal of Communication Vision Volume 13, No. 01, p. 105-120.

Bungin, Burhan. (2008). The Qualitative Research; Communication, Economics, Public Policy and other Social Sciences. Jakarta: Kencana.

Budiyono. (2016). “Social Media and Political Communication:" Social Media as Political Communication Ahead of DKI Jakarta Regional Election 2017". Communication Journal P-ISSN: 1907-898X, E-ISSN: 2548-7647 Vol. 11, No. 1, p. 47.

Dhevina, Ishanira. (2017). ‘Social Media as Contemporary Expressions'. Public Relations of the Cabinet Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia. https://setkab.go.id/ accessed on May 23, 2019.

Ida, R., & Subiakto, H. (2012). Political Communication, Media, and Democracy. Jakarta: Prenada Group.

Ibrahim, I. S. (2007). Popular Culture as Communication: Dynamics of Popscape and Mediascape in Contemporary Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Ispandriarno, L.S. (2014). Media and Politics: Attitudes toward Coalition Government Press in Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Jemadu, Liberty. (2019). 'Ahead of elections in 2019, Which Party Top in Social Media?' www.suara.com accesed dated May 22, 2019.

Luik, J. E. (2017). "Social Media and Self Presentation".http://repository.petra.ac.id/15386/1/Media_Sosial_dan_Presentasi_Diri.pdf. P. 9-16.

Nasrullah, Rulli. (2014). Cybermedia Theory and Research. Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group.

Nasrullah, Rulli. (2017). Social Media: Perspective of Communication, Culture and Sociotechnology. Bandung: Simbiosa Rekatama Media.

Purbolaksono, Arfianto. (2018). "Social Media, Simultaneous regional elections and 2019 General Elections". Political Researchers, the Indonesian Institute, Center for Public Policy Research.

www.theindonesianinstitute.com accessed on May 22, 2019

Risdiantoro, Riandara. (2015). "Learning and Self-Expression: Study of Subjective Well Being in College Students". Psychology & Humanity Seminar. UMM Psychology Forum, ISBN: 978-979-796-324-8.

Susanto, E. H. (2017). "Social Media as Supporting Political Communication Network". ASPIKOM Journal, Vol. 3, No. 3. p. 379.

Widodo, Suko. (2019). 'The Legislative Candidates Are Far in the Eye, Close at Billboards'. Political Communication Expert Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Airlangga Surabaya, Java Post OPINION, Tuesday, March 5, 2019, p. 4


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 93 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.