The Influence of The Motivation, Leadership and Social Networking for the Formation of Social Entrepreneurship

Trianom Suryandharu(1Mail), Anwar Sanusi(2), Harsono Harsono(3),
(1) Ma Chung University, Villa Puncak Tidar, Malang, 65146, Indonesia
(2) Merdeka University, Jl. Terusan Dieng No. 62-64, Malang, 65146, Indonesia
(3) Merdeka University, Jl. Terusan Dieng No. 62-64, Malang, 65146, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2019 Trianom Suryandharu, Anwar Sanusi, Harsono Harsono


Full Text:  
Pages: 6 -15
Language : en


When the Indonesian people experienced the economic crisis of 1997-1998, it resulted in farmers having difficulty accessing the products used as their production facilities. They solved the problem by pioneering social entrepreneurship. This study explores motivation, leadership and social networks as independent variables in the process of pioneering social entrepreneurship conducted by Sumber Makmur I Farmers Community in, Lawang, Malang, East Java. Then identified the three variables to determine the dominant variable influencing the pioneering of social entrepreneurship. The method used in this study is quantitative. The population is 40 farmers who plant rice with organic methods that are collected by census. The results showed that motivation, leadership and social networks had influence on the efforts of pioneering social entrepreneurship conducted by the Sumber Makmur I Farmers Community. The leadership variable was the dominant variable.


Social Entrepreneurship; Motivation; Leadership; Social Networking.


Austin, J., Stevenson, H., Wei-Skillern, J., 2006, Social and commercial entrepreneurship: same, different, or both? Entrepreneurship: Theory and Pratice Journal, da Baylor University, Estados Unidos, volume 30, número 1, páginas 1-22, Janeiro de.

Banks, J. (1972). The Sociology of Social Movements, Macmillan, London, 53.

Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectation. New York, NY: The Free Press.

Barringer, R., Bruce., and, Ireland, Duane, R. (2013). Entrepreneurship: Successfully Launching New Venture, Fourth Edition, Pearson Educatoin Limited, Eidenburg Gate, England.

Bornstein, D., Davis, S. (2010). Social Entrepreneurship What Everyone to Know, Oxford University Press, Inc., New York.

Castro-Salazar, R. (2015) "The many faces of social entrepreneurial leadership" In Collective Efficacy: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Leadership, Emerald Insight, 3-21.

Cho, S., & Kim, A., 2017, Relationships Between Entrepreneurship, Community Networking, and Economic and Social Performance in Social Enterprises: Evidence from South Korea, Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance Journal, Volume 41, Issue 4, 376-388.

Dees, Gregory, J. (2001). The Meaning of “Social Entrepreneurship. Diakses pada 2 Maret 2018, pukul 14.58.

Drucker, F., Peter. (1985). Innovation And Entrepreneurship Practice and Principles, New York Harper Business.

Hamilton, R.T., and, Harper, D.A. (1994). The Entrepreneur in Theory and Practice, Journal of Economic Studies, MCB University Press, Vol. 21 No. 6, pp. 3-18.

Harahap, Romida, Siti. (2013). Deteksi Dini Krisis Nilai Tukar Indonesia: Identifikasi Periode Krisis Tahun 1995-2011, Economics Development Analysis Journal, Vol. 2, No. 4.

Diakses pada 28 Januari 2019,

Hebert, F., Robert, and, N., Albert. (2006). Historical Perspectives on the Entrepreneur Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, Vol. 2, No 4, 261–408.

Hulgård, L. (2010). Discourses of social entrepreneurship variations of the same theme? EMES European Research Network.

Light, P.C. (2006). Reshaping Social Entrepreneurship, Stanford Social Innovation Review, Copyright by Leland Stanford Jr. University All Rights Reserved.

Lönnström, A., (2014). Social Entrepreneurship, Leveraging Economic, Political, and Cultural Dimensions, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Mair, J., Noboa, E. (2003). Social Entrepreneurship: How Intentions To Create A Social Enterprise Get Formed, IESE Business School - Universidad de Navarra.

Miller, T. l., Grimes, Matthew., Mcmullen, Js., Vogus, Tj. (2012). Venturing For Others With Heart And Head: How Compassion Encourages Social Entrepreneurship, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 37, No. 4, 616–640.

Murphy, J.P., Coombes, S.M. (2009). A Model of Social Entrepreneurial Discovery, Journal of Business Ethics, Springer.

Narangajavana, Y., Gonzalez-Cruz, T., Garrigos-Simon, F., and Cruz-Ros, S. (2016). Measuring social entrepreneurship and social value with leakage. Definition, analysis and policies for the hospitality industry, Springer Science Business Media, New York.

Nicholls, A, (2006). Social Entrepreneurship New Models of Sustainable Social Change, Oxford University Press Inc., New York, United States.

Northouse, Peter Guy. (2013). Leadership : theory and practice, 6th ed., SAGE Publications, Inc, Western Michigan Univerfsity, United States.

Omorede, A. (2014). Exploration of motivational drivers towards social entrepreneurship, Social Enterprise Journal, Vol. 10 Iss 3 pp. 239 – 267.

Praszkier, Ryszard, and, Nowak, Andrzej. (2012) Social Entrepreneurship theory and practice, Cambridge University Press, 32 Avenue of the Americas, New York.

Santos, Filipe M. (2009). A positive theory of social entrepreneurship, 15 February, INSEAD, Working Paper /23/EFE/INSEAD. Retrieved May 29, 2013, from

Schumpeter, Joseph, Alois, (1934). 1883-1950, The theory of economic development, Social science classis series, Translation of: Theorie der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, Reprint. Originally published: Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University.

Sharma, Kumar, Manoj, and Jain, Shilpa. (2013). Leadership Management: Principles, Models and Theories, Global Journal of Management and Business Studies, ISSN 2248-9878 Volume 3, Number 3, pp. 309-318 © Research India Publications.

Singh, Archana. (2016). The Process of Social Value Creation A Multiple-Case Study on Social Entrepreneurship in India, Springer India, 3.

Spear, R. and Bidet, E. (2003). The Role of Social Enterprise in European Labour Markets, EMES Working Papers Series, 3/10.

Suresh, M. R. (2016). Leadership in social enterprise- dimensions and insights. Contemporary Research in Management – Vol. V. by Mousumi Sengupta and Nilanjan Sengupta [Compilers]. Mysore: Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara Institute for Management Development (SDMIMD).

Sutanto, R. (2002), Pertanian Organik. Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Sutrisno, Lukman, 2002, Paradigma Baru Pembangungan Pertanian. Sebuah Tinjauan Sosiologis, Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Wronka-Pośpiech, M. (2016). The Relationship Between Leadership Style and success in social enterprises – evidence from poland Research on enterprise in modern economy Quarterly Journal – No 3.

Weber, C. and Kratzer, J. (2013). Social entrepreneurship, social networks and social value creation: A Quantitative analysis among social entrepreneurs’, Int. J. Entrepreneurial Venturing, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp.217–239.

Webster and Ruskin dalam Syemour, R.G. (2012). Handbook of Research Methods On Social Entrepreneurship; Socil Network Analysis, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, The Lypiatts, 15 Lansdown Road, Cheltenham, Glos GL50, 2JA, UK, 150.

Weerawardena, Jay., Gillian Sullivan Mort. (2006). Investigating social entrepreneurship: A multidimensional model, Journal of World Business 41 (2006) 21–35.

Zimmere, Thomas W., Scarborough, Norman, M,, Wilson, Doug. (2008). Essentials of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management, 5th ed., Salemba Empat, Jakarta, 4.

Zahra, S. A., Gedajlovic, E., Neubaum, D. O., & Shulman, J. M. Forthcoming. (2009). A typology of social entrepreneurs: Motives, search processes and ethical challenges. Journal of Business Venturing.

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 229 times
 PDF Downloaded : 108 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.